(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Theories of the Second Coming of Christ"

VIEWS OF THE SECOND COMING 



INTRODUCTION 

A. This subject has caused great arguments. 

B. The how is not certain, the when is not certain, but the event is sure! 

C. Where did you get what you believe? 

D. What is the purpose of the Second Coming? 

E. Does the Bible teach a systematic eschatology? 

F. Why is our day so interested in the Second Coming? 

G. All theories concerning the physical return of Jesus are conservative views. 

EARLY CHURCH PREMILLENNIAL (Historical Premillennial) 



Creation 



6000 years 



Incarnation 

I t 



Ascension 
T I 1000 years 



Judgment 
I 



6 days of creation 

Presuppositions 

1 . History of the Earth is 
analogous to 7 days of 
Creation (Epistle of 
Barnabas, Irenaeus, Methodius) 

2. Each day represents 1000 years 
(II Pet. 3:8; Ps. 90:4) 



Calvary 

Advocates 

1. Papias Irenaeus, 
Justin Martyr, Tertullian 
Hipplytus, Methodius 

2. George Ladd (Historical 
Premillennial) 



2°" Coming 



7" 1 Day of Creation 



Strengths 

1. Certain events must occur before Parousia 

a. Gospel to all nations (Matt. 24:14) 

b. Conversion of Israel (Rom. 1 1 :25ff) 

c. Great Apostasy (Matt.24:10; IIThess. 2:3) 

d. Great Tribulation (Matt. 24:21) 

e. Revealing of Man of Sin - Antichrist 
(IIThess. 2:3) 

2. A visible, universal Rapture and Coming 



AMILLENNIAL (realized or inaugurated millennium) 

Incarnation 

Creation i 



Ascension 

t T 



Judgment 
I l 



Calvary 



2"" Coming 



Presuppositions 

1. The Church is Spiritual Israel 
(Gal. 3:9,29; 6:16; Rom. 2:5,9, 

28-29; Rev. 1:6; I Pet. 3:6) 

2. One Covenant (Old and New, 
Rom. 4 - Abraham is Paul's example 
for justification by faith) 

3. Christ's Kingdom is not temporal 
(John 18:36) 

4. One Second Coming 
One Resurrection 
One Judgment 

The Eternal Kingdom 



Advocates 

1 . Some Early Church 
Fathers 

2. Augustine 



3. Zwingli 

4. Calvin (Presbyterianism) 

5. Ray Summers (Baptist) 

6. Jay Adams (Reformed) 

7. Most Churches of Christ 



Strengths 

1 . Victory won at Calvary, 
not Millennium 

2. Satan bound now 



3. Unity of God's plan of redemption 



POSTMILLENNIAL (millennium now) 



Creation 



Incarnation 

I 



Ascension 

t T 



Judgment 

I I 



Calvary 



2"' Coming 



(Millennium [1000 years]) 



Presuppositions 

1. Man's efforts will bring in the 
Kingdom (II Pet. 3:12; Matt. 6:10) 

2. Things are getting better and better 



Advocates 

1 . Jonathan Edwards 

2. A. H. Strong 

3. W. T. Conner 

4. Most 19" Century Scholars 



Strengths 

1. Takes Second Coming Seriously 

2. Man has a part in God' s plan 

3. Optimistic about contemporary culture 



182 



DISPENSATIONAL PREMILLENNIAL 

69 th week 
of Daniel 



Ascension 



Secret 
Rapture/ 
Judgment of 
Believers 2 
(II Cor. 5:10) 



Judgment of 

Nations' 

(Matt.25) 



Satan's 

Little Season 
(Rev. 20:7-10) 



Several covenants (Adam to Moses) 



tt 



(Church Age) 



l£ 



a 



■X Millennium 



ll 



Incarnation Calvary 



Secret 
Coming 



70 th week Visible 

of Daniel Return 



1 There are 3 views of this Secret Coming: 

1) Pre-tribulationist 

2) Mid-tribulationist 

3) Post-tribulationist 

2 Judgment of Believers (II Cor. 5:10) 

3 Judgment of Nations (Matt. 25) 



Presuppositions Advocates 

1. The Bible is divided into seven 1. John E 
distinct dispensations 

2. Literal fulfillment of every OT 2. 
prophecy to Israel 3. 

3. Church and Israel totally separate. 4. 
The Church is God's Plan B when 5. 
the Jews rejected Jesus as the Messiah 6. 

4. The Church will be secretly raptured, 7. 
before the Tribulation. The book of 8. 
Revelation, after chapter 5, is Jewish. 9. 

5. NT interpreted in light of OT prophecy 



Strengths 



Final 
Judgment 
(Rev. 20:11-15) 



John Darby 1 . 

(Plymouth Brethren) 

Clarence Larkin 2. 

D. L. Moody 

C. I. Scofield (Reference Bible) 

Dallas Seminary (Pentecost, Ryrie, Walvoord) 

W. A. Criswell (Southern Baptist) 

Hal Lindsey 
Tim LaHaye 

Bible Churches (Dallas Seminary) 



Takes Bible prophecy seriously 

(especially Daniel) 

Any-moment return (Matt. 24:40-42) 



BOB'S TENTATIVE OPINION (Historical Premillennial/Post-Tribulationist/Nonmillennial) 



Creation 

Garden of Eden 
(Gen. 1-2) 



t T 



Second 

Coming Judgment (II Cor. 5:10; Matt. 25; Rev. 20) 

41 General Resurrection 



I 



Calvary 
The Last Days 



Incarnation 



J_Rapture (I Thess. 4:17) 



Heaven as a new Garden of Eden 
(Isa. 11:6-9; Rev. 21-22) 



Presuppositions 

1. One Plan (Gen. 3:15) 

2. Unity of the people of God 
(Rom. 2:28-29;4; Gal. 3:29; 6:16) 

3. Apocalyptic nature of Daniel, Ezekiel, and 
Revelation (literary genre) 

4. OT saw one coming (Two Ages), one visible coming 

5. One visible coming (Matt. 24:27) 
One Rapture ( I Thess. 4:13-18) 
One Resurrection 

One Judgment (Matt. 25; Rev. 20) 
The Eternal Kingdom 



Dialectical Tensions: 

1. between Old Covenant prophetic models and New Covenant apostolic models 

2. between the Bible's monotheism (one God for all) and the election of Israel 

3. between the conditional aspect of biblical covenants and promises ("if.. .then") and 
the unconditional faithfulness of God to fallen mankind's redemption 

4. between Near Eastern literary genres and modern western literary models 

5. between the Kingdom of God as present, yet future 

6. between belief in the imminent return of Christ and the belief that some events 
must happen first 



Conclusion 

1 . John Calvin said of the book of Revelation, "Only God knows what this means." 

2. There is no approved or majority opinion on the Second Coming. 

3. Every generation of believers forces the Bible into its own historical and cultural settings. 

4. There is no systematic eschatology in the NT, but truth is revealed for us to "be ready" and "be active." 

5. Only conservatives fight over this issue. 

6. It is every generation of believers' hope, encouragement, and motivation to expect the Second Coming in their lifetime (Mark 13:33-37). 



183